Universal Theocratic Law
for Non-Jews

Optional Commandments

(112 commandments)




To recite the “Shma” twice daily


To attend the king’s public Torah reading every 7th year


To rejoice during every festival


To blow trumpets on festivals and in distresses


To offer salt with all sacrifices


To pay for accidentally profaning consecrated items, plus a penalty


To press debtors who are gentile idolaters


To determine that an animal is kosher before eating it


To determine that a bird is kosher before eating it


To determine that a locust is kosher before eating it


To determine that a fish is kosher before eating it


To bless the Sabbath day


To live in a sukkah during Sukkos


To impose interest on loans to gentile idolaters


To return collateral while the owner needs it


To help unload the burden of a collapsed animal


To help reload a burden onto an animal


- 42)

No wearing a garment containing both wool and linen

- 46)

Not to live in Egypt

- 83)

Not to imitate the anointing oil

- 85)

Not to imitate the Temple incense

- 95)

No offering temporarily blemished animals as sacrifices

- 98)

No offering leaven or honey on the altar

- 99)

No offering sacrifices without salt

- 172)

Not to eat an unkosher species of animal

- 173)

Not to eat an unkosher species of fish or other seafood

- 174)

Not to eat an unkosher species of bird or flying creature

- 175)

Not to eat insects that fly

- 176)

Not to eat breeding insects that creep on the earth

- 177)

Not to eat colonial insects that creep on the earth

- 178)

Not to eat insects born in fruits or seeds

- 179)

Not to eat any insect

- 184)

Not to eat blood

- 186)

Not to cook milk and meat together

- 187)

Not to eat milk and meat together

- 216)

No sowing produce in a vineyard

- 219)

Not to prevent animals from eating what they are working on

- 234)

Not to press a debtor who cannot pay

- 235)

Not to lend money at interest

- 236)

Not to borrow money at interest

- 237)

Not to assist others in lending money at interest

- 239)

Not to seize collateral without court authority

- 240)

Not to withhold collateral while the owner needs it

- 241)

Not to take collateral from a widow

- 242)

Not to take tools of food preparation as collateral

- 270)

Not to leave an animal pinned down under its burden



To recite various blessings


To light Sabbath candles


To recite the “Hallel” Psalms on holidays


To light Chanukah candles


To recite the Esther scroll on Purim



To post a mezuzah-scroll on one’s doorpost


To honor Levitical priests


To sacrifice a burnt offering at every festival


To offer sacrifices only in the Temple


To bring sacrifices from outside Israel to the Temple


To sanctify the fruit of a tree’s fourth year


To leave the corners of a field unharvested


To leave loose gleanings during the harvest


To leave forgotten sheaves during the harvest


To leave the remnants of the grape harvest


To leave grapes that fell during the harvest


To set aside the priestly portion


To set aside a tithe from produce


To set aside a second tithe from produce


To make a second tithe for the poor


To blow a ram’s horn in the Jubilee year


To give levitical priests certain parts of slaughtered animals


To give levitical priests the first shearing of wool


To slaughter animals ritually before eating them


To cover the blood of slaughtering


To send away a mother bird before taking its young


To remove all leavened products on Passover eve


To recount the exodus from Egypt on Passover


To eat matza on the 1st night of Passover


To count the days from the barley-offering of Passover until Shavuos


To wave four plant species together on Sukkos


To listen to the ram’s horn blown on Rosh Hashanah


To give gifts to a Jewish slave upon his release


To be circumcised


For a man to marry his brother’s widow (levirate marriage)


- 89)

No offering sacrifices outside the Temple

- 90)

Not to slaughter consecrated animals outside the Temple

- 101)

Not to slaughter an animal and its young on the same day

- 153)

Not to eat untithed produce

- 154)

Not to separate priestly portions and tithes out of order

- 156)

Not to go to Jerusalem for the festivals without the required sacrifices

- 180)

Not to eat animals that were not ritually slaughtered

- 183)

Not to eat the thigh sinew of an animal

- 185)

Not to eat certain fats of kosher beasts

- 189)

Not to eat bread from the new grain crop

- 190)

Not to eat parched grain from the new crop

- 191)

Not to eat fresh grain from the new crop

- 192)

Not to eat fruits from a tree’s first three years

- 193)

Not to eat produce from mixed-seed vineyards

- 197)

Not to eat leavened bread during Passover

- 198)

Not to eat food with leavened ingredients during Passover

- 199)

Not to eat leavened products after noon on Passover eve

- 200)

No owning leavened products in one’s dwelling during Passover

- 201)

No owning leavened products outside one’s dwelling during Passover

- 210)

No harvesting the corners of a field

- 211)

No retrieving loose gleanings during the harvest

- 212)

Not to harvest the remnants of the vineyard

- 213)

No gathering grapes that fell during the harvest

- 214)

No to retrieve forgotten sheaves during the harvest

- 218)

No working different species of beasts together

- 233)

Not to release a Jewish slave without giving him gifts

- 306)

Not to take a mother bird and its young together

Not Recommended


To wear a prayer phylactery on the head


To wear a prayer phylactery on the arm


To wear tzitzis-fringes on certain garments


To own a Torah scroll