Universal Theocratic Law
for Non-Jews

Optional Commandments

(112 commandments)

 

  
Recommended
Biblical:

+10)

To recite the “Shma” twice daily

+16)

To attend the king’s public Torah reading every 7th year

+54)

To rejoice during every festival

+59)

To blow trumpets on festivals and in distresses

+62)

To offer salt with all sacrifices

+118)

To pay for accidentally profaning consecrated items, plus a penalty

+142)

To press debtors who are gentile idolaters

+149)

To determine that an animal is kosher before eating it

+150)

To determine that a bird is kosher before eating it

+151)

To determine that a locust is kosher before eating it

+152)

To determine that a fish is kosher before eating it

+155)

To bless the Sabbath day

+168)

To live in a sukkah during Sukkos

+198)

To impose interest on loans to gentile idolaters

+199)

To return collateral while the owner needs it

+202)

To help unload the burden of a collapsed animal

+203)

To help reload a burden onto an animal

 

- 42)

No wearing a garment containing both wool and linen

- 46)

Not to live in Egypt

- 83)

Not to imitate the anointing oil

- 85)

Not to imitate the Temple incense

- 95)

No offering temporarily blemished animals as sacrifices

- 98)

No offering leaven or honey on the altar

- 99)

No offering sacrifices without salt

- 172)

Not to eat an unkosher species of animal

- 173)

Not to eat an unkosher species of fish or other seafood

- 174)

Not to eat an unkosher species of bird or flying creature

- 175)

Not to eat insects that fly

- 176)

Not to eat breeding insects that creep on the earth

- 177)

Not to eat colonial insects that creep on the earth

- 178)

Not to eat insects born in fruits or seeds

- 179)

Not to eat any insect

- 184)

Not to eat blood

- 186)

Not to cook milk and meat together

- 187)

Not to eat milk and meat together

- 216)

No sowing produce in a vineyard

- 219)

Not to prevent animals from eating what they are working on

- 234)

Not to press a debtor who cannot pay

- 235)

Not to lend money at interest

- 236)

Not to borrow money at interest

- 237)

Not to assist others in lending money at interest

- 239)

Not to seize collateral without court authority

- 240)

Not to withhold collateral while the owner needs it

- 241)

Not to take collateral from a widow

- 242)

Not to take tools of food preparation as collateral

- 270)

Not to leave an animal pinned down under its burden

 
Rabbinical:

1)

To recite various blessings

3)

To light Sabbath candles

5)

To recite the “Hallel” Psalms on holidays

6)

To light Chanukah candles

7)

To recite the Esther scroll on Purim

 
Optional
Biblical:

+15)

To post a mezuzah-scroll on one’s doorpost

+32)

To honor Levitical priests

+53)

To sacrifice a burnt offering at every festival

+84)

To offer sacrifices only in the Temple

+85)

To bring sacrifices from outside Israel to the Temple

+119)

To sanctify the fruit of a tree’s fourth year

+120)

To leave the corners of a field unharvested

+121)

To leave loose gleanings during the harvest

+122)

To leave forgotten sheaves during the harvest

+123)

To leave the remnants of the grape harvest

+124)

To leave grapes that fell during the harvest

+126)

To set aside the priestly portion

+127)

To set aside a tithe from produce

+128)

To set aside a second tithe from produce

+130)

To make a second tithe for the poor

+137)

To blow a ram’s horn in the Jubilee year

+143)

To give levitical priests certain parts of slaughtered animals

+144)

To give levitical priests the first shearing of wool

+146)

To slaughter animals ritually before eating them

+147)

To cover the blood of slaughtering

+148)

To send away a mother bird before taking its young

+156)

To remove all leavened products on Passover eve

+157)

To recount the exodus from Egypt on Passover

+158)

To eat matza on the 1st night of Passover

+161)

To count the days from the barley-offering of Passover until Shavuos

+169)

To wave four plant species together on Sukkos

+170)

To listen to the ram’s horn blown on Rosh Hashanah

+196)

To give gifts to a Jewish slave upon his release

+215)

To be circumcised

+216)

For a man to marry his brother’s widow (levirate marriage)

 

- 89)

No offering sacrifices outside the Temple

- 90)

Not to slaughter consecrated animals outside the Temple

- 101)

Not to slaughter an animal and its young on the same day

- 153)

Not to eat untithed produce

- 154)

Not to separate priestly portions and tithes out of order

- 156)

Not to go to Jerusalem for the festivals without the required sacrifices

- 180)

Not to eat animals that were not ritually slaughtered

- 183)

Not to eat the thigh sinew of an animal

- 185)

Not to eat certain fats of kosher beasts

- 189)

Not to eat bread from the new grain crop

- 190)

Not to eat parched grain from the new crop

- 191)

Not to eat fresh grain from the new crop

- 192)

Not to eat fruits from a tree’s first three years

- 193)

Not to eat produce from mixed-seed vineyards

- 197)

Not to eat leavened bread during Passover

- 198)

Not to eat food with leavened ingredients during Passover

- 199)

Not to eat leavened products after noon on Passover eve

- 200)

No owning leavened products in one’s dwelling during Passover

- 201)

No owning leavened products outside one’s dwelling during Passover

- 210)

No harvesting the corners of a field

- 211)

No retrieving loose gleanings during the harvest

- 212)

Not to harvest the remnants of the vineyard

- 213)

No gathering grapes that fell during the harvest

- 214)

No to retrieve forgotten sheaves during the harvest

- 218)

No working different species of beasts together

- 233)

Not to release a Jewish slave without giving him gifts

- 306)

Not to take a mother bird and its young together

 
Not Recommended
Biblical:

+12)

To wear a prayer phylactery on the head

+13)

To wear a prayer phylactery on the arm

+14)

To wear tzitzis-fringes on certain garments

+18)

To own a Torah scroll