Universal Theocratic Law
for Non-Jews

7. Commandments For Legal Justice

(37 commandments)




To appoint a king


To appoint judges


To treat litigants fairly and equally


To bring all testimony before judges


To cross-examine witnesses carefully


To punish false witnesses


To annihilate all the seed of the nation of Amalek


To arouse hatred against the nation of Amalek


To execute certain transgressors by the sword


To judge disputes with unpaid custodians


To judge disputes with renters and paid custodians


To judge disputes with borrowers of items


To judge disputes in buying and selling


To judge civil disputes between litigants


To allocate inheritances by certain rules


- 58)

Not to fear the enemy in war

- 59)

Never to forget the evil of the nation of Amalek

- 273)

Not to deviate from Torah standards in judging liabilities and guilt

- 274)

For judges not to take bribes

- 275)

Not to favor an honored litigant

- 276)

Not to fear dangerous litigants

- 277)

Not to favor a poor litigant over a wealthy one

- 278)

Not to be biased against a wicked litigant

- 279)

Not to pity a defendant and reduce his punishment

- 281)

Not to hear one litigant without the other

- 284)

Not to appoint judges who are not Torah scholars

- 285)

Not to testify falsely

- 286)

Not to accept the testimony of wicked men

- 290)

Not to convict based on circumstantial evidence

- 291)

For witnesses not to advocate any judgment

- 292)

No executing a transgressor without a court trial

- 294)

Not to punish a coerced transgressor

- 315)

No cursing a judge

- 316)

No cursing the king

- 363)

For the king not to own extra horses

- 364)

For the king not to have more than 18 wives

- 365)

For the king not to own more money than necessary