Universal Theocratic Law
for Non-Jews

2. Commandments Against Blasphemy

(39 commandments)

Blasphemy specifically refers to the verbal desecration or cursing of G-d’s Name. But many related commandments deal with the sanctification of His Name, the treatment of holy objects, and other aspects of reverence for holiness. In essence, then, what is the definition of blasphemy?

While the idolater rejects Truth itself, the blasphemer does not. The very fact that the blasphemer tries to “injure” G-d (G-d forbid!) is itself the clearest possible acknowledgement of G-d’s existence. The blasphemer is not ignorant or misled; he knows the Truth and chooses to rebel against it — by opposing the introduction of holiness into the physical world. He is an antinomian, wishing to keep the spiritual and physical divided from one another.

The opposite of a blasphemer or profaner of G-d’s Name is one who yearns for G-dliness to transform the creation, stands in awe of G-d’s magnificence and inescapable judgment, reveres sanctity established in space and time, and stands ready to sanctify G-d’s Name — even with martyrdom, if appropriate.

We therefore classify here, in addition to clearly blasphemy-related issues, all commandments related to reverence, ceremonial observance, and holy items, leaving commandments regulating social affairs to other categories.

  
Biblical:

+3)

To love G-d

+4)

To fear G-d

+5)

To worship (pray to) G-d

+7)

To use G-d’s name when making an oath

+19)

To recite grace after meals

+21)

To fear and respect the Temple

+60)

To sacrifice only animals at least seven days old

+61)

To offer only unblemished sacrifices

+63)

To follow certain procedures for burnt offerings

+83)

To offer all required sacrifices at the next festival

+86)

To redeem consecrated animals that are blemished

+87)

To sanctify a substitute animal

+94)

To fulfill every oath and vow

+145)

To give consecrated property to the priests and Temple

 

- 60)

No blasphemy against G-d’s Name

- 61)

No violating an oath

- 62)

No making a vain oath

- 65)

Not to damage or destroy holy items

- 74)

For non-priests not to perform Temple service

- 78)

For certain impure people not to enter the Temple mount

- 91)

No consecrating blemished animals

- 92)

No slaughtering blemished animals for sacrifices

- 93)

Not to sprinkle the sacrificial blood of blemished animals

- 94)

No burning sacrifices of blemished animals

- 96)

No offering blemished sacrifices from gentiles

- 97)

No causing blemishes in consecrated animals

- 100)

Not to offer the payment for prostitution or for a dog as sacrifices

- 106)

No exchanging or substituting consecrated animals

- 110)

No selling consecrated property

- 113)

Not to use consecrated animals for work

- 114)

Not to shear wool from consecrated animals

- 126)

No feeding the Passover lamb to any gentile

- 133)

For non-priests not to eat priestly portions

- 146)

Not to eat burnt offerings or commit sacrilege

- 149)

For non-priests not to eat the holiest sacrifices

- 155)

Not to delay required sacrifices

- 157)

No violating a vow

- 209)

No shaving a Nazirite’s hair

- 309)

No farming the ravine where an atonement heifer was killed